Board Biographies

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Jean-Claude Trichet

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The Honorable Jean-Claude Trichet

BOD.TrichetThe Honorable Jean-Claude Trichet is Chairman of the Board of Directors of Bruegel and Chairman of the Group of Thirty (Washington). He is the former President of the European Central Bank. Mr. Trichet is also European Chairman of the Trilateral Commission and President of SOGEPA (Société de Gestion des Participations aéronautiques) (Paris).

Mr. Trichet is a graduate of the Ecole nationale supérieure des Mines de Nancy, of the Institut d’études politiques de Paris, of the Université de Paris (in economics) and of the Ecole nationale d’administration. He worked in the competitive sector from 1966 to 1968. He was appointed to the Inspection générale des Finances in 1971.

He was assigned to various posts at the Ministry of Finance in the General Inspectorate of Finance and later in the Treasury Department, where in 1976 he became Secretary General of the Interministerial Committee for Improving Industrial Structures (CIASI).

Mr. Trichet was made an adviser to the cabinet of the Minister of Economic Affairs in 1978, and then an adviser to the President of the Republic in the same year. He subsequently became Deputy Director of Bilateral Affairs at the Treasury Department from 1981 to 1984 and Head of International Affairs, also at the Treasury, and was Chairman of the Paris Club from 1985 to 1993. In 1986 he directed the Private Office of the Minister of Economic Affairs, Finance and Privatization. In 1987 he became Director of the Treasury. In the same year he was appointed Censor of the General Council of the Banque de France and Alternate Governor of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. He was Chairman of the European Monetary Committee from 1992 until his appointment as Governor of the Banque de France in 1993. He was the Chairman of the Monetary Policy Council of the Banque de France as of 1994, a member of the Council of the European Monetary Institute from 1994 to 1998 and thereafter a member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. At the end of his first term as Governor of the Banque de France, he was reappointed for a second term.

Mr. Trichet was elected Chairman of the Group of Ten (G10) Governors on 29 June 2003. He was elected President of the “Global economy meeting” of Central Bank governors and President of the Group of Governors and heads of supervision (GHOS) in Basel (until October 2011). He was appointed President of the European Central Bank on 16 October 2003 by common accord of the Governments of the Member States that have adopted the euro at the level of Heads of State or Government for a term of office of eight years starting on 1 November 2003 and ending 31 October 2011. Since late 2010 and until end of October 2011, Mr. Trichet has also been Chairman of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB).

 
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Elena Poptodorova

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Her Excellency Elena Poptodorova

BOD.PoptodorovaAmbassador Elena Poptodorova is Ambassador of the Republic of Bulgaria to the United States.

Ambassador Poptodorova presented her Letters of Credence to President Barack Obama on August 10, 2010. Prior to her appointment in Washington, Ambassador Poptodorova was Director of the Security Policy Directorate at the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 2008 – 2009, she served as Ambassador-at-Large for the Black Sea Region. From 2002 – 2008, Ambassador Poptodorova was Bulgaria’s Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States of America, when Bulgaria became member of NATO and the EU. Prior to becoming Ambassador to the U.S., she served as Spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Director of the Human Rights and International Humanitarian Organizations Directorate.

Earlier in her career (1990 – 2001), Ambassador Poptodorova was elected Member of Parliament in the 7th Constituent Assembly and in the 36th, 37th and 38th National Assemblies of the Republic of Bulgaria. From 1987 – 1990, she was minister-counselor at the Bulgarian embassy in Rome and Bulgaria’s Consul General to the Republic of San Marino.

Ambassador Poptodorova earned her B.A. and M.A. degrees at the Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia in English and Italian linguistic and literary studies, after which she attended a post-graduate course in international relations at the University of National and World Economy in Sofia. She specialized at the University of Leeds, UK and the University of Siena, Italy.

 
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Dr. Michael Nelson

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Dr. Michael Nelson

BOD.NelsonDr. Michael Nelson is part of the public policy team at CloudFlare. He has also been an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University since 2009, where his teaching and research focus has been on the future of the Internet, cyber-policy, technology policy, innovation policy, and e-government and consults on information technology trends and Internet policy.

Dr. Nelson previously worked at Microsoft as a Principal Technology Policy Strategist, where he helped define Microsoft's vision of the connected future and help governments around the world understand and promote emerging technologies. Prior to that, Dr. Nelson was a Technology Policy Analyst for Bloomberg Government and Director of Internet Technology and Strategy at IBM. In this role he managed a team helping to define and implement IBM’s Next Generation Internet strategy. Before joining IBM, Dr. Nelson served as Director of Technology Policy at the Federal Communications Commission. From 1993 to 1997 he was Special Assistant for Information Technology in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, where he worked with Vice President Al Gore on telecommunications policy, information technology, encryption and online privacy, e-commerce and information policy.

Dr. Nelson holds a BS in Geology from the California Institute of Technology and a PhD in Geophysics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

 
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Nova Daly

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Nova Daly

BOD.DalyNova Daly is a Senior Public Policy Consultant at Wiley Rein LLP.

Mr. Daly was previously Deputy Assistant Secretary for Investment Security and Policy at the U.S. Department of the Treasury where he directed and coordinated the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) and created and led the U.S.-EU Investment Dialogue and the U.S.-China Investment Forum. He also developed the U.S. Treasury’s “Open Investment Initiative” to attract foreign investment and reduce foreign and domestic barriers to international investments. Before joining Treasury, Mr. Daly was Director for International Trade at the National Security Council, Senior Advisor for Trade Policy for Commerce Secretary Donald Evans, and an International Trade Advisor for the U.S. Senate Finance Committee.

Mr. Daly received his undergraduate degree in political science from the University of California, Irvine, and a graduate degree in international law and organizations from American University.

 
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John Bruton

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The Honorable John Bruton

John Bruton is the former Prime Minister of the Republic of Ireland and the former European Union Ambassador to the United States.

Ambassador Bruton served as Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of Ireland from 1994-1997, and during his tenure, the Irish economy "Celtic Tiger" became one of the fastest growing economies in the world. He was also deeply involved in the Northern Irish Peace Process leading to the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, under whose terms a conflict of allegiances dating back to the seventeenth century was resolved.

While Prime Minister, Ambassador Bruton presided over a successful Irish EU Presidency in 1996 and helped finalize the Stability and Growth Pact, which governs the management of the single European currency, the Euro.   He addressed a joint session of the US Congress on September 11, 1996, as only the 30th head of state or government of an EU country to do so since 1945.

Before being appointed Head of the Delegation of the European Commission and Ambassador to the United States in 2004, Ambassador Bruton served as a leading member of the Convention that drafted the proposed European Constitution, which was signed in Rome on October 29, 2004. He strongly supported proposals to give the general public a more direct say in the choice of EU leadership by allowing the public of the 27 EU Member States directly to elect the President of the European Commission.

From 1999 until his appointment as Ambassador, he was one of ten Vice Presidents of the European People’s Party, which brings together the leaderships of 74 European political parties, many of whom are in Government in their countries.

Ambassador Bruton was first elected to the Irish Parliament ("Dáil Éireann") in 1969 at the age of 22 as a member of the Fine Gael Party, becoming Party Leader in 1990 and leading it into government in 1994. He previously served as Ireland’s Minister for Finance (1981-1982 and 1986-1987); Minister for Industry & Energy (1982-1983); Minister for Trade, Commerce & Tourism (1983-1986); and was Parliamentary Secretary (Junior Minister) from 1973-1977. He has also been opposition spokesman on Agriculture and on Education.

He is a member of the board of Ingersoll Rand plc, Smart Invest, and of the Irish Diaspora Loan Origination Fund. He is also a member of the board of the Centre for European Policy Studies. He is a Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Transatlantic Relations in Washington, DC, and a visiting fellow at the European Institute in the London School of Economics.

Ambassador Bruton graduated from University College Dublin with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics and politics in 1968 before studying to become a barrister. He was called to the Bar of Ireland in 1972. He holds Honorary Degrees from Memorial University of Newfoundland and the National University of Ireland.