On June 15, 2011, The Honorable Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and Ambassador Valentin Zellweger, head of the Directorate of Public International Law at the Swiss Foreign Ministry, discussed “Neutrality in a Multi-Polar World: Myth or Reality?” This important exchange on the relevance of neutrality in jurisprudence and for nations increasingly bound by regional and international commitments was moderated by Dr. Ruth Wedgwood, Director of the International Law and Organizations Program at SAIS.

The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague has formally requested arrest warrants for Moammar Gaddafi and two of his relatives for crimes against humanity.

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On April 13, 2011, a delegation from the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) including The Honorable Stavros Lambrinidis, Vice President of The European Parliament, Vice-Chairwoman Sophie in ’t Veld and The Honorable Jan Philipp Albrecht, MEP, Germany, Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance discussed the challenges and opportunities for greater cooperation among the U.S. and EU on data protection issues, passenger name records and the SWIFT agreement. Additional panelists included moderator The Honorable David D. Aufhauser, Partner, Williams & Connolly LLP; Mary Ellen Callahan, Chief Privacy Officer, U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Nancy Libin, Chief Privacy and Civil Liberties Officer, U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ); Abraham Newman, Assistant Professor, Edmund Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University; and Blas Nuñez-Neto, Professional Staff Member, United States Senate’s Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.

The pressure is building in Europe for more women in corporate boardrooms. A continent that has seen female prime ministers, chancellors, foreign and even finance ministers is asking why, in the  second decade of the 21st century, so few women wield power in publically traded corporations.  And the remedies being discussed, including quotas, go far further than anything comparable in the United States.

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A potentially consequential side-effect of Libya’s repression of civilian protesters is that the events there have been referred by the U.N. Security Council to the International Criminal Court for possible prosecution of Colonel Gaddafi as a war criminal, for ordering the murder of civilians and other crimes against humanity.


The ICC has started a formal investigation  into possible crimes against humanity in Libya that will focus on the role of the country’s leader, Col. Gaddafi and  several of his sons and members of his inner circle, the New York Times reported March 3.

Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor, told the newspaper that judging by the information he had received, many more insiders from the Libyan government had defected than was publicly known. “The system appears to be breaking down,” he said.

Mr. Moreno-Ocampo said he hoped that at this stage his actions could have a deterrent effect. He said he was putting senior officials in Libya — “individuals with formal or de facto authority” — on notice that they could be held responsible if forces under their command committed crimes.

Issuing an arrest warrant would probably take several months, but the prosecutor says “how an arrest order is implemented is a different challenge that will have to be addressed in due course. Right now, we must investigate the crimes, and reach those responsible.”


It would still be a largely hypothetical possibility that Gaddafi might someday end up at The Hague for trial and possible conviction as a war criminal.

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