Fall 2008

Reforms in U.S. Licensing Process Facilitate Joint Allied Operations

The U.S. Department of State is responsible for regulating defense trade with the objective of ensuring the defense-trade support, national security and foreign-policy interests of the United States. The department’s primary mission in this regard is to deny our adversaries access to U.S. defense technology while facilitating appropriate defense trade with our allies and coalition partners to allow for their legitimate self-defense needs and to fight effectively alongside U.S. forces and joint operations. We carry out our work under the authority of the Arms Export Control Act, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations which includes the U.S. Munitions List (USML).


Moving Forward with the Transatlantic Economic Council

Daniel M. PriceIn introductory remarks at a May 2008 discussion on Trade and Investment sponsored by The European Institute, German Ambassador to the United States Klaus Scharioth outlined the background to the Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC). The TEC was established on April 30, 2007 at the EU/U.S. Summit by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, U.S. President George Bush and EU Commission President Jose Barroso as part of the EU/U.S. framework agreement for advancing transatlantic economic integration. “Both sides of the Atlantic point out that although the economic topic du jour may be the emerging Asian markets, the most important economic relationship in the world – with two billion dollars of daily trade and two trillion dollars of investment stock – remains that between North America and Europe,” he said.


Non-Nuclear Energy Cooperation Needs a New Push

The policy agendas of both the U.S. and the EU recognise the importance of low-carbon technologies to achieve energy policy objective.

The EU has spent the past year working on the commitments undertaken by the EU Heads of States during the European Council on March 8-9, 2007. They committed to the following targets for 2020: increase energy efficiency, reduce primary energy consumption by 20 percent, use renewable energy for 20 percent of overall EU consumption, have renewable energy (primarily biofuels) make up 10 percent of overall EU transport energy and reduce greenhouse gases by at least 20 percent by 2020.


Energy Research: Grasping Transatlantic Opportunities

On both sides of the Atlantic, and indeed around the world, we face the twin challenges of energy security and global climate-change. And in both Europe and America lie much of the world’s expertise on the clean-energy technologies needed to address these challenges: energy efficiency technology for buildings, industry and transport, renewable energy technology, nuclear-energy technology and the technology for carbon capture-and-storage.


A Pragmatist’s View of Global Geopolitics

Hubert VédrineHubert Védrine, the former French foreign minister, talked to François Clemençeau exclusively for European Affairs in May 2008.

European Affairs: Nowadays you appear inclined to analyze the world in terms that seem to rehabilitate the role of nation states while giving scant weight to the importance of some bigger groupings that seem to be emerging in our era such as the concept of “international community.” What is your thinking?

Hubert Védrine: To understand how things will change tomorrow in every sphere – the environment, energy, strategy, demography – it is better to tackle issues without over-optimistic assumptions.